Table of contents
The courts of the Canton of Zurich
The courts of the Canton of Zurich handle disputes in civil and criminal proceedings, under administrative law, and in the field of social insurances.
As the judiciary, the courts are the third authority of the state and independent from the government and the parliament. Their top executive committee is the Joint Administrative Commission of the three supreme cantonal courts, which are the High Court (for civil and criminal matters), the Cantonal Administrative Court and the Cantonal Social Insurance Court.
Criminal and civil courts
The criminal and civil courts of the Canton of Zurich are the first and second instances for all proceedings under civil law as well as criminal proceedings in which there is not already a final decision from the public prosecutor's offices.
Administrative Court and specialized courts of first instance
The Administrative Court is the highest cantonal authority when it comes to administrative law.
The Construction Court is the first-tier court of the canton for the revision of decisions made by the cantonal administrative authorities and the municipalities regarding the laws on construction and protection of the environment.
The Tax Court is the first-tier court of the canton for the evaluation of objection rulings in certain areas of fiscal law.
Cantonal Social Insurance Court
The Cantonal Social Insurance Court decides on social insurance complaints and lawsuits. An Arbitration Court is affiliated to the Cantonal Social Insurance Court.
The Notary’s Offices of Zurich
The notary’s offices of the Canton of Zurich are part of the judiciary. They are in charge of all notarial activities, for example the certification of legal transactions, and of certain duties of the Land Register Office and the Bankruptcy Office.